4th World Water Forum, Mexico, 2006

Institutional Development and Political Processes

Reference point for discussion from the beacons

Institutional development is part and parcel of the wider process of development, which is multidimensional and encompasses social, economicfinancial, political, institutional, technological, cultural, and ecological aspects.

Water institutions are both the result and the vehicle of such political processes, which inform institutional change and development in relation to water;

Political processes are essentially about exercising power and can be better understood as (but not reduced to) an ongoing confrontation between rival political projects which is staged by rival political actors. The processes of governance and citizenship are essential components of these wider political processes.


Key messages from the Voices of the Forum

  • Clarify the roles and responsibilities of authorities and service providers
  • Respect for the spiritual and cultural values of water in development
  • Without participation, no sustainable development
  • Governments take the lead in the development of National IWRM plans…
  • …but their implementation is a local affair
  • Governments have the primary responsibility for making the right to water a reality for all, including sanitation
  • Decentralisation of governance: local services and communities participation
  • PPP controversy: a matter of political choice

Sessions synthesis

Please click on any underlined session number to accede to the corresponding session synthesis.

FT1.01

Water and free trade agreements

FT1.10

Water for growth and development in Africa

FT1.15

Is water alive? Indigeneous understanding of water

FT1.22

The dynamics of water and growth : Issues and political reflections

FT1.30

Assessment of policy interventions in the water sector

FT1.32

Community water management in Latin America

FT2.05

Water management in transboundary basins

FT2.13

IWRM as a basis for social and economic development in Central Asia

FT2.15

The challenges of legal water sector reform

FT2.16

Water governance and rivver basin organisations

FT2.17

Public private partnerships towards IWRM in MENA region

FT2.18

Transboundary water management and regional integration in Africa

FT2.29

Synthesis session on transboundary basin management : regional consensus as a driving force for progress and development

FT2.34

Bottom-up meets top-down: learning from Latin-America and Africa

FT2.43

Opportunities and impediment to IWRM: Reality vs virtual reality

FT2.45

IWRM issues in federative countries

FT2.48

Water governance: from analysis to action

FT2.51

Institutionnal development for IWRM

FT3.01

Decentralisation: the role of communities in water resources management

FT3.17

Governance for local water supply and sanitation – Needs of cities in developing countries and responses from international initiatives

FT3.35

Securing the right to water: from the local to the global, civil society perspectives

FT3.36

The right to water: what does it means and how to implement it?

FT3.38

Public state policy impact on drinking water service delivery supply and sanitation for urban use in Mexico

FT3.41

Governance of local water and sanitation services

FT3.43

The public-private controversy in water and sanitation: lessons in the light of the MDG’s requirements

FT3.45

Governance as a key factor for IWRM in major metropolises

FT3.46

Successful public sector experiences in water and sanitation

FT3.47

Human right to water

FT3.48

Public policies for water and sanitation services

FT3.51

Empowerment and democratisation multistakeholder dialogue

FT3.53

Governance of water and sanitation for the peri-urban poor: bridging the gap between policies and practice

FT3.54

Experiences challenges and responses of water utilities to municipal water challenges and problems

FT3.56

Human right to water and the conditions of its application. Debate between the public and private administration of the drink water services

FT4.47

Water management legal modernisation