4th World Water Forum, Mexico, 2006

Risk Management

Reference point for discussion from the beacons

Water related risks are increasing owing to population growth, settlement practises, economic developments and climate change. At the same time, in countries that have achieved already a high standard of protection, the acceptance of risk is decreasing. The outcome of the preparatory process of the compilation of this thematic document on Risk Management could be summed up in the following 7 key messages:

  1. Stepping up investments in structural measures is necessary to reach “water security”, i.e. coping with too much or too little water. The strategy should incorporate also the non-structural measures and include coping with risks.
  2. Water management should learn how to factor water hazard risks along with compounding pressures, such as demography, land use, including urbanization and deforestation, and climate.
  3. Capacity development programmes for water managers as well as public awareness raising programmes on risk management are direly wanted.
  4. Adequate transfer of new technological developments and knowledge dissemination, in particular to the Least Developed Countries, is urgently needed.
  5. The international community should agree on the global target “to halve the number of losses of human lives due to water related disasters by 2015”.
  6. The international development and financial institutions should focus more on disaster risk reduction and move from response to preparedness to risks.
  7. There is a need to build up the resilience to hazards in society, through a participatory assessment of risks, vulnerabilities and capacities linked to action planning by communities.

These messages should be seen as perspectives for the future development of Risk Management, not only for discussions within this framework theme at the 4th World Water Forum.


Key messages from the Voices of the Forum

  • Increased risks call for action at every level
  • Conflicts
  • Monitoring, global sharing for local access, Hydro-meteorological data as a basis
  • Fostering a “Culture of risk”
  • Adapted infrastructures: integrating climate variability and ecosystem approaches
  • Emergency response : Preparation, responsibilities, cooperation and long-term involvement
  • Groundwater resources are also at risk

Sessions synthesis

Please click on any underlined session number to accede to the corresponding session synthesis.

FT5.00

The sustainability of water and sanitation services in the context of disaster risk reduction - A contribution towards the implementation of the Hyogo framework for action: 2005-2015

FT5.01

Opportunities of river flood risks: social, economical, spatial and communication aspects

FT5.02

Reducing West Africa's vulnerability to climate impacts on water resources

FT5.03

Risk management assessment in river basins

FT5.04

Partnership building at community level

FT5.05

Hurricane Katrina and other major water-related disasters:lessons learned for managing risk

FT5.06

Sharing experiences for water-related disaster risk management

FT5.07

People-centered early warning systems for water-related disasters

FT5.08

Coastal development and defense in the low lands

FT5.09

Groundwater and risk management: coping with water scarcity, climate change and emergency situations

FT5.10

The role of forests in water-related natural disaster risk management

FT5.11

Managing drought risks - Role of improved preparedness and management

FT5.12

Tools for capacity building in risk management

FT5.13

Development and implementation of water information systems

FT5.14

Tsunami-15 months later

FT5.15

Broadening perspectives in the face of increasing risks

FT5.16

Role of dams and reservoirs in Integrated Flood Management

FT5.17

Managing safe drinking water in areas of armed conflict and ecological disaster from a gender perspective

FT5.18

Space-based water observations - alliances for providing information essential for managing the world's water resources

FT5.19

Collaborative approach among international agencies for effective flood management-International Flood Initiative (IFI)

FT5.20

Flash floods

FT5.21

Environmental vulnerability: the importance of an integrated and multidisciplinary approach

FT5.22

Integrated risk management in mediterranean towns:experience sharing

FT5.23

Floods, droughts and risk management

FT5.24

Flood management

FT5.25

The management of extreme water phenomenons: floods and droughts

FT5.26

Water quality and public health

FT5.27

Intergenerational dialogue

FT5.28

Extreme hydrometeorological events (hurricanes, especially Wilma and Stan)

FT5.29

Water resources information systems

FT5.30

The global climate change and urban flood mitigation

FT5.31

Conflict and water management

FT5.33

The manifold dimensions of groundwater sustainability