4th World Water Forum, Mexico, 2006

Water Supply and Sanitation for All

Reference point for discussion from the beacons

Expanding water supply and sanitation coverage is not rocket-science; it requires neither colossal sums of money nor breakthrough scientific discoveries and dramatic technological advances. Although reaching the water and sanitation target will by no means be easy, particularly in the very poorest parts of the world, and worldwide the sanitation challenge is indeed daunting, achieving Target 10 is possible of halving the number of people without access to water supply and sanitation by 2015.

The critical question is how. Based on two years of analysis and consensus-building, what did the United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Water and Sanitation believe it would take to meet the water and sanitation target? More specifically, what are the key actions in water supply and sanitation that are essential to meeting the MDGs?

Our starting points are clear: poor people and poor countries must get priority, and resources and policies must be focused on spurring and supporting community-led action. 


Key messages from the Voices of the Forum

  • Governments have the primary responsibility for making the right to water a reality for all, including sanitation
  • Women and girls especially are the most affected by lack of sanitation facilities
  • Financing access to water for all requires solidarity and innovative mechanisms
  • Decentralisation of governance: local services and communities participation
  • PPP controversy: a matter of political choice
  • Monitoring progress toward the MDGs
  • Technologies can be useful if their transfer is sustainable and respectful

Sessions synthesis

FT3.01 

Decentralisation : the role of communities in water resources management

FT3.02 

Clean water for people -- US-Japan initiative toward achieving the MDGs in water and sanitation

FT3.03 

Solidarity and decentralised forms of North/South and South/South funding

FT3.04

Knowledge generation & innovative technologies for the sustainable management of water resources in Europe and worldwide

FT3.05 

Water supply and sanitation for all

FT3.06 

Desalinisation of seawater & saline groundwater

FT3.07

Access to safe water and ecological sanitation for rural areas, good practices in Latin America and Eastern Europe from a gender perspective

FT3.08

Scaling up water, sanitation and hygiene education for schools

FT3.09 

Asian civil society innovating change 

FT3.10 

Voicing peoples interests - civil society innovating change in water and sanitation policy

FT3.12 

Safe, accessible, private and nearby : making services work for women -- the key to meeting the MDG water and sanitation target 

FT3.13 

Ecological sanitation : closed-loop sanitation approaches to attain healthy and sustainable cities and the MDGS

FT3.14 

Accelerating progrss toward Millenium Development Target 10: what will it take ?

FT3.15 

Making a difference in slums and low income settlements : toward achieving the MDG's in water and sanitation 

FT3.16 

Service delivery and local empowerment: Turnaround of public utilities 

FT3.17 

Governance for local water and sanitation services - Needs of cities in developing countries and responses from international initiatives

FT3.18 

Capacity development and empowerment of civil society

FT3.19 

Service Delivery and local empowerment

FT3.20

Monitoring and targeting drinking water supply and sanitation

FT3.21 

Delivering Millenium Development Goals in three years : a model setting regional initiative

FT3.22

Hygiene promotion : improving state of the art

FT3.23

Harnessing local providers to deliver water for all

FT3.24 

Emerging sanitation paradigms - economics and capacity building in ecosan

FT3.25 

Sector wide programme approaches (SWAP) to meet MDGs

FT3.27 

Safe drinking water for all 

FT3.28

Strategies and technologies for arsenic and fluoride mitigation from drinking water

FT3.29

Sanitation, hygiene, education : household water management

FT3.33

Transfer of organisational and technical know-how between Northern and Southern countries 

FT3.35 

Securing the Right to Water ; from the local to the global civil society perspectives

FT3.36 

The Right to Water : what does it mean and how to implement ?

FT3.37

Water and sanitation in human settlements in Latin America and Carribean

FT3.38 

Public State policy impact on drinking water service delivery, supply and sanitation for urban use in Mexico 

FT3.39 

Challenges and perspectives in megacities

FT3.40 

Innovating financing mechanisms for drinking water and sanitation : local governments alernatives  

FT3.41

Governance of local water and sanitation services

FT3.43

The public-private controversy in water and sanitation : lessons in the light of the MDGs requirements

FT3.44 

Improving local services through water operator partnership (WOPs)

FT3.45 

Governance as a key factor for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in major metropolises

FT3.46 

Succesful public sector experiences in water and sanitation

FT3.47 

Human Right to Water

FT3.48 

Public policies for water and sanitation services

FT3.49 

Water challenges in historic cities

FT3.50 

Monitoring session 2 : the way forward for MDG country level monitoring

FT3.51 

Empowerment and democratisation multistakeholder panel

FT3.52 

Appropriate operation and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities

FT3..53 

Governance of water and sanitation for the peri-urban poor : bridging the gap between policies and practicies

FT3.54 

Experiences, challenges and responses of water utilities to municipal water challenges and problems

FT3.55

Public utilities successful experiences

FT3.56

Human Right to Water and the conditions of its application / Debate between the public and private administration of the drink water services

FT3.57 

Public utilities successfull experiences

FT3.58 

Participation of the State Governors of Mexico I

FT3.59

Participation of the State Govenors of Mexico II

FT3.60 

Public utilities successful experiences